Masters in Urban Planning

URBAN PLANNING FUNDAMENTALS

Course Objectives:

  1. To study town planning concepts and theories.
  2. To perceive the concept of urbanization and various growth patterns.
  3. To study norms and aspects of land use planning policies and survey techniques.
  4. To study the concepts for different area planning

EVOLUTION OF TOWN PLANNING:
Evolution in planning and physical form, Concept of urban human settlement,
Differentiation between rural and urban settlement, concept of town, Evolved and Created Town
Characteristics, Features of urban planning process, Role of urban planner, Genesis of urban
form; Social, Geographical and Cultural impacts, Contemporary developments in planning,
Impacts of Industrial revolution on town and regional planning, Contribution of eminent
Planners: Lewis Mumford, Ebenezer Howard, Patrick Geddes, Sir Arthur Clarence Perry,
Charles Correa, Le-Corbusier


URBANISATION:
Demography and Census Statistics- Significance of Census and Demographics- Planning
policies framed based on Census-Use of Census Data in Urban Planning Rural and urban
Migration, impacts of urbanisation, socio – economic impacts of growth of population, Social
and Economic Environmental Administrator, Levels of Urbanisation, Indian scenario – Issues
and Policies, Global scenario, Future trends of urbanization – Impact of Government Policies on
Urbanization

GROWTH PATTERNS:
Elements of town structure, Town classification: Functional and geographical; City Centre,
Walled city and Urban Fringe areas; classification based on socio-cultural characteristics,
changes with time and growth, growth theories, Characteristics of the urban environment and its
components, land use, Modern urban forms. Peri- Urban Areas- Urban Fringe- Issues


URBAN LAND USE PLANNING:
Objectives and Principles of Urban planning; Different Land use planning norms, Environmental
aspects of land use planning, Role of URDPFI guidelines in Town planning, Land use
Structures, demand and supply of land relationship, Government policies of urban development,
Role of Professional bodies


PLANNING SURVEYS:
Objectives, types, significance, methodology, analysis, and applications; Researches through
planning surveys; Use of planning surveys in Urban Modelling like Multiple Linear Regression
Analysis; Planning parameters, aims, objectives, principles, methodology and systems
approach, environmental parameters.


AREA PLANNING
Concept of Neighborhood Planning, Satellite Towns, Government Policies for small and medium
towns, Urban and Rural Planning Rural-Urban Fringe


REFERENCES:

  1. A.B. Gillion and Simon Eisner, “The Urban Pattern”, CBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi.
  2. Rishma A., “Town Planning in Hot Cities”, Mir Publishers, Moscow.
  3. Ward S (2002), “Planning the 20th Century City” John Wiler & Sons.
  4. R. Ramachandran, “Urbanisation and Urban Systems in India”, Oxford Publications.
  5. K. C. Shivrama Krishnan, “Revisioning Indian Cities”, Sage Publications

HOUSING

Course Objectives:

  1. To understand the housing forms and its relationship with urban area in line with DCR.
  2. To study housing scenarios, policies, norms, byelaws and housing schemes in Indian
    context.
  3. To study housing finance, housing market and role of stake holders.
  4. To design and plan residential areas considering socio economical factors.

PLANNING OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS:
Household and housing, housing requirement for different sections of society, building byelaws,
development controls, housing projects layouts, Neighbourhood planning, design standards and
their significance in housing process, socio-economic and aesthetic, environmental factors
affecting layouts, various concepts of layout planning, row and multi storied housing, layout
optimization techniques, appropriate DU design.


HOUSING FOR URBAN POOR:
Process of slum formation, causes and consequences, approaches to tackle the Challenge of
slums. Housing Evaluation for urban Poor, Aerial and cluster standards, materials, social
amenities and services, locational parameters, Policies. Housing schemes, relocation,
rehabilitation, in-situ upgradation, etc.


HOUSING POLICIES & FINANCE:
Housing policies, Co-operative housing, Role of Central, State, Urban Local Bodies private and
public sectors, financing institutes and their role, Housing Boards, HUDCO, NHB, HFIs, various
international donor/financing agencies, micro finance institutions, rural housing finance, housing
demand models.


HOUSING MARKETS
Concepts and definitions of housing market, area, the purpose and nature of housing market
studies; factors affecting housing prices, housing market behaviour, estimation of housing need,
housing demand ,The formal and informal housing markets and their impact on urban poor,
public, Co-operative and private sector

CASE STUDIES
Case studies of housing projects at National and International Level, Housing for different
climatic conditions, institute housing, Mass Housing, Affordable Housing, Transit and Temporary
Shelters, Integrated Housing Schemes energy efficient design, methodology for formulation of
housing projects.


REFERENCES:
1.Fredrick Gibberd:” Town Design”, Architectural Press, London.
2.Charles Abrahms, “Housing in the Modern World”, Faber and Faber, London.
3.D.J. Dwyer, “People & Housing in 3rd. World Cities”, Longman, London.
4.D. Heggade and F. Cherunilam, “Housing in India”, Himalya Publishing House, Bombay.
5.Dwivedi R. M. (2007), “Urban development and housing in India 1947-2007” New Century
Publications, New Delhi.
6.William M Rohe and Lauren B Gates(1985):”Planning with Neighbourhoods”, University of
North Carolina Press
7.William Peterman (2000) :” Neighbourhood Planning and Community Based
Development”, Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd, GK I , New Delhi
8.James A LaGro Jr.(2008):” Site Analysis A Contextual Approach to Sustainable Land
Planning and Site Design”, John Wiley and Sons,Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
9.P N Khanna (1999) :” Indian Practical Civil Engineers Handbook”, Engineers Publishers
10.Watanabe Masakazu (ed.) (2000) :” New Directions in Asian Housing Finance”, IFC,
World Bank, Washington
11.Subbulakshmi, V. (ed.) (2004):” Housing Finance in India”, ICFAI University Press,
Hyderabad
12.Grigsby, William G (1963) :” Housing Markets and Public Policy”, U of Pennsylvania
Press
13.UNHS Programme (2003) :” The Challenge of Slums Global Report on
HumanSettlements 2003”, UN-Habitat Earthsacn Publishing, London
14.Dr. D Goswami (2012):” Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation”, SAAD Publications,
Delhi
15.Kalpana Sharma (2000) :” Rediscovering Dharavi: Stories from Asia’s Largest Slum”,
Penguin Books
16.Kishor C Samal (2008) :” Informal Sector: Concept, Dynamics, Linkages & Migration”,
Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi 59
17.Payne, Geoffrey K. (1988):” Urban Projects Manual”, DPU, UK
18.Caminos, Harato, et. At (1988):” Urbanization Primer”, John Wiley & Sons, UK

TRAFFC AND TRANSPORTATION PLANNING

Course Objectives:
1.To understand the concept of urban transport scenario, traffic characteristics and transport
development
2.To get the knowledge of traffic planning and management techniques and design
elements
3.To learn urban transport planning and modelling and use of software’s
4.Understand the concept of urban mobility, terminals and logistics

TRAFFIC CHARACTERISTICS:
Transport Development – Importance of Transport Development – International Transport
Development Policies (ITDP), Definition, concepts, Scope and utility of transportation
engineering Traffic growth, major traffic studies, traffic problems, urban road cross section
elements and Inter-sections, IRC Standards. Pedestrian movements and problems.


TRAFFIC PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT:
Traffic planning parameters, geometrical requirements, design speed capacity, Traffic planning
of identified areas – terminals, town centre, station area, CBD area.
Regulation & control, Inter section traffic control, other management techniques.


DESIGN ELEMENTS:
Intersection Design, signal design, parking space design.


TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT:
Growth of rail and road transport, Investment in transport sector over time. Role of
transportation in national and regional development, Transport infrastructure projects.


URBAN TRANSPORT PLANNING AND MODELING:
Fundamentals of transportation system planning, Principals of urban transport, scope and
content of comprehensive transportation planning, basic steps of transport planning: Trip
generation, distribution, modal split & route arrangement.
Use of TRANSCAD/CUBE/VISSIM in intercity transport modelling

MASS TRANSPORTATION PLANNING:
Basic system of urban transportation, Para transit system, planning of city bus transportation,
BRTS, metro transport system, Urban Mobility: Issues and Concepts Feeder Services for Public
Transport- Integration of Informal and Mass Transportation
TERMINALS AND LOGISTICS:
Types and facilities, location, layout plan, function, activity planning guideline and land
requirement for Bus Station, Railway Station & Airport – Logistics- Definitions- Location Aspects
of Logistics Park.
REFERENCES:

  1. Bruton, M.J., “Introduction to Transportation Planning,” Hutchinson Publication, London.
  2. Kadiali, L.R., “Traffic and Transportation Planning”, Khanna Publishers, Delhi.
  3. Papacoster, C.S.And Prevendons,” Transportation Engineering and Planning” Prentice Hall of
    India.
  4. Morlok, K.E., Introduction to Transportation Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978.
  5. Oppenheim, N., Applied Models in Urban and Regional Analysis, Prentice-Hall, NJ. 1980.

SUSTAINABLE URBAN PLANNING PRACTICES

Course Objectives
1.Land management models prevailing across the country were understood.
2.Process of Analyzing and Predicting population using different statistical methods were
understood.
3.Guidelines and process of preparation of Development plan and Town planning scheme
were taught.
4.Perceived knowledge on various Environmental Legislations and policies.

URBAN LAND MANAGEMENT:
Land Management Models, Social, Technical and Environmental Issues; Urban Planners Role
in Land Management; URDPFI and TCPO guide lines for Town Development; Population
forecasting methods; Analysis and prediction of important land use activities, Concepts of
Development plan, Zonal Plans and Area Development Plan


TOWN DEVELOPMENT PLAN:
Needs, roles and objectives; Process of preparation; General Guidelines of Development Plan;
Impact of Population density; study of existing development plans; various drawings of
Development plan.


TOWN PLANNING SCHEMES:
Study of Planning Acts, Purpose of Town Planning Schemes; Methodology and legal aspects;
Study of existing Town Planning Schemes.


SUSTAINABLE PLANNING TECHNIQUES
Concepts and components of ecology and ecosystem, Types of pollution: causes, effects and
control; Role of planner for location of Treatment plants and Industries; Abatement measures of
Noise, Air and Land pollution; Concept of Green building, Energy conservation and
sustainability checklists; Concept of Eco-city; Decay causes and remedies; Urban renewal
Missions; Role of Urban planners in Disaster Management. Concept of Smart City

ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATIONS
Role of Pollution Control Boards, Concept of Environmental Audit; Lifecycle Analysis; Carboncredit;
Role and functions of Ministry of Environment and Forests, Coastal Regulatory Plans &
Coastal Zone Management Plans, Environment Impact Assessment, Social Impact
Assessments.
Global Trends in Environment Policies, IPCC World Policy, Kyoto Protocol


REFERENCES:
1.MARGARET ROBERTS, “Town Planning Techniques”, Hutchinson Educational
Publication.
2.N.V. MODAK AND V.N. AMBDEKAR, “Town and Country Planning and Housing”, Orient
Longman Limited.
3.R.G. GUPTA, “Planning and Development of Towns”, New Delhi.
4.K.S. RAMEGAUDA, “Urban and Regional Planning, Mysore University Publication.
5.Pratap Rao, “Urban Planning Theory and Practices”, 2014, CBS Publishers.Dr. Suresh K. Dhameja (2007) “Environmental Engineering and Management”, S. K.
Kataria & Sons, New Delhi.

URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING & MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives:
1.Urban infrastructure fundamentals were learned with practical applications
2.Norms and guidelines of urban infrastructure such as sewage, water supply, and solid
waste management were learned for field applications.
3.Modern management techniques helped for the better maintenance of infrastructure in
future growth.
4.Students understood infrastructure planning with inculcating field situation.


URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING:
Data Required for provision & planning of urban Infrastructure , Types, significance, impact on
urban form, norms and financial aspects, public private, spv and ppp models in infrastructure
provisions, infrastructure policy,


NETWORKS AND SERVICES SYSTEMS:
Urban services overview, classification and significance, Concepts and theories for design and
operation, components, interrelationship, requirements of appropriate technology, cost recovery,
Gap analysis.


WATER SUPPLY NETWORK:
City & Household Network Scenario, Norms, National water policy, Water rights: excess and
under utilization of water, role of community in water provision, water harvesting, privatization of
water supply and its implications.


SEWERAGE NETWORK:
City & Household Network Scenario, Norms.
Sewerage drainage, refuse collection, storage, recycling and disposal, minimum basic
needs, formulation of objectives, norms and standards both for space allocation and quality
control, Storm water Network.


SANITATION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT:
Types, Generation, collection system, transfer station location, Segregation, transportation,
disposal, site selection, Effect of population density, Impact of Urban land use, Bio-medical
waste and disposal, Policies and programs in the provision of sanitation at various level, Low
Cost Sanitation, city sanitation plan and state sanitation strategies, cost recovery in solid waste

ELECTRICITY & COMMUNICATION NETWORK:
Location, transformer, station, street lighting requirements, telecommunication network
requirement.


SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE:
Health and Education hierarchy, norms and location.
Energy distribution, fire protection: requirements, norms and standards, planning provision, milk
distribution system, Recreation & Open Space Planning in Social Infrastructure


BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. FAIR, G.M., GAYER, J.C. AND OKUN, D.A., “Elements of water supply and Waste
    water Disposal”, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  2. T.M. VINODKUMAR, “Networks and services”, ITPI Reading Manuals.
  3. TCPO AND MINISTRY OF WORKS AND HOUSING, “Norms and Standards for Urban
    Water Supply and Sewerage Services”, New Delhi.
  4. National Institute of Urban Affairs, ”status of water supply, sanitation and solid waste
    management in urban area” 2005,
  5. Tan Yigitcanlar,”sustainable urban and regional infrastructure development:
    technologies, application and management, 2010 IGI Global publishing company.
  6. CPHEEO, “CPHEEO Manuals on water supply, sewerage, drainage and solid waste
    management.2005-08.

PROJECT FORMULATION AND APPRAISAL

Course Objectives:
1.Formulate project concept and its feasibility study
2.Demonstrate different methods of appraisals.
3.Control the ongoing construction projects by using different tools and methods.


PROJECT FORMULATION
Generation and screening of project ideas, project identification, preliminary analysis, market,
technical, financial, economic and ecological-pre-feasibility report and its clearance, project
estimates and techno-economic feasibility report, detailed project report, different project
clearances required


PROJECT APPRAISAL
NPV, BCR, IRR, ARR, urgency-payback period, assessment of various methods, Indian
practice of investment appraisal, international practice of appraisal, analysis of risk, different
methods for selection of a project and risk analysis in practice, ownership structures; BOT,
BOLT, BOOT models.


PROJECT CONTROL AND MONITORING
Parameters of project performance, time, cost and quality and their interrelationships, schedule
and cost control tools and techniques, performance reporting, audit, corrective and preventive
actions, fund flow control, management information system and application of management
software.


REFERNCES

  1. Prasanna Chandra, (1995) “Projects Preparation, Appraisals, Budgeting and
    Implementation”, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co., Ltd., New Delhi.
  2. Joy.P.K. (2007) “Total Project Management – The Indian Context (Chapters 3- 7) “, New
    Delhi, Macmillan India Ltd.
  3. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO. (1987) “Manual for the
    preparation of Industrial Feasibility Studies “, (IDBI Reproduction) Bombay.
  4. Steven J. Peterson. (2005). “Construction Accounting and Financial Management”, 2nd
    Edition, Pearson Education International, NJ.
  5. Kumar Neeraj Jha (2012). “Construction Project Management”, 2nd Edition, Pearson
    Education International, New Delhi.

URBAN GOVERNANCE AND LEGISALTION

Course Objectives:
1.To understand Indian System of urban governance organization structure and planning
legislation.
2.To study finance systems of ULB’s and role of state and central government.
3.To study ULB’s role functions for citizens including public administration.
4.To formulate and design scenarios for ULB’s in context of governance, finance and
administration.

OVERVIEW OF URBAN GOVERNANCE
Definition, concepts, components, government and governance, hierarchy and structure, forms
of governance, Indian Constitution, Planning Legislation – Acts and Amendments.


INDIAN SYSTEM OF URBAN GOVERNMENT:
Salient Features of Local Government System in India-historical overview; Commissions &
Committees; Council of State Ministers; All India Council of Mayors; Centre-State-Local
Relationships, 73th & 74th Constitution Amendment Act, E-governance and M-governance.


URBAN LOCAL GOVERNANCE AND PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES
Role of Municipal bodies, City/Urban development authority in urban development, its
background, functions, powers, organizational structure, achievement and limitation, case
studies, ULB interface with NGO’s, other agencies. Stakeholders’ participation, roles and
responsibilities, access to government by various stakeholders.


URBAN FINANCE
Central and State; Taxation, Property Tax Administration – Valuation Assessment, Collection,
Budget, Municipal Accounting, Municipal Audit – Concepts, Settlement of Audit Objectives.
Urban fiscal reforms, municipal finance and urban inclusion, Sources of revenues and
application of money; Equities; Loans; Debt financing; Municipal Bonds, land and non-land
based sources;


BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. Mathur O.P. and Peterson George, 2006, State Finance Commissions and Urban Fiscal
    Decentralization in India , NIPFP
  2. Ministry of Finance , 2011 , Report of 13th Finance Commission Government of India,
  3. New Delhi
  4. Government of India,1992, 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendment, Acts , Government of
  5. India, New Delhi
  6. U. B. Singh, 1997, Administrative System in India, IPH, New Delhi.
  7. Rhodes, R.A.W., 1997, Understanding Governance: policy networks, governance,
  8. reflexivity and accountability. Open University Press, Maidenhead, GB, Philadelphia
  9. Jayal N.G., Prakash A. and Sharma P.K., 2006, Local Governance in India:
  10. decentralization and beyond. Oxford University Press, New Delhi
  11. Baud I.S.A. and Wit, J. de, 2008, New Forms of Urban Governance in India: shifts,
  12. models, networks and Contestations Sage, New Delhi.
  13. Bijlani, H.U. & Balachandran, 1978, Law and Urban Land IIPA, New Delhi
  14. GoI , UDPFI Guidelines,1996, Vol. 2A ITPI, New Delhi
  15. GoI,Indian Contract Act ,1872; Indian Contract Act 1872; The Arbitration and Conciliation
  16. Act 1996. Constitution of India; Model Rent control Legislation; Slum (Improvement and
  17. Clearance) Act 1956; Land Acquisition Act 1894 and amendments thereof; NCR Planning
  18. Board Act, Environment (Protection) Act 1986; Model Town Planning and Regional
  19. Planning Development Law; and other act
  20. P. Barthwal, 2002, Understanding Local Government, Bharat Book, Lucknow.
  21. Bhattacharya, 1979, Bureaucracy and Development Administration, Uppal, New Delhi.
  22. Arvind K. Sharma, 2004, Bureaucracy and Decentralisation, Mittal, New Delhi.
  23. I. M. Pandey, Financial Management, Vikas, New Delhi
  24. M. Y. Khan and P. K. Jain, 1982, Financial Management, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
  25. S. L. Goel, 2002, Advanced Public Administration in India, Deep & Deep, Delhi.
  26. S. Bhatnagar, E-Government, Sage, New Delhi, 2004.

URBAN LAND MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives:
1.To understand the significance of Urban Land Management in developing Countries
2.To postulate dynamics of Urban Land market.
3.To study land management techniques.
4.To study legal aspects of development and their impacts on real estate development.

LAND MARKET DYNAMICS:
Concept, Scope, Principles, Land Use and Land Value, Parameters of Land dynamics
market mechanism and land use pattern, Land Revenue Code, Land use restriction;
compensation and acquisition, Urbanisation and land price speculations


LAND ECONOMICS:
Economics and Principles of land use, Development of land and real properties, Land
Development charges and betterment levy PPP in urban land development & case studies


LAND POLICIES AND PRACTICES AND TECHNIQUES
Policy: Concept, Need, Objective, Significance, Factor influencing location decision,
Analysis of location of specific land use like residential-industrial commercial and institutional in
intra regional as well as inter regional level Case studies of various land use policies and
practices at national, state, district and settlement level, Land acquisition and land pooling
techniques, Process of virgin agricultural land converted into fiscal Resources

LEGAL ASPECTS:
Provisions of Land Acquisition Act, Urban Land Ceiling Act and Conservation Act, Town
planning Acts, Origin, Objectives and applications. Building Bye-laws-Formations, Provisions
and implications. Impacts on real estate developments.


REFERENCES:

1.Somik V. Lall (2009),”Urban Land Markets: Improving Land Management for Successful
Urbanization”, Springer.
2.John Randolph (2009),”Environmental Land use planning and Management”, island Press.
3.Philip R. Berke (2009),” Urban Land use Planning”, University of Illinois Press.

RURAL PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Course Objectives:
1.To study concept of rural planning and development.
2.To know national policies and technologies used in rural development.
3.To learn the concept of agricultural development.
4.To study institutions and organization setup of rural area.

INTRODUCTION:
Introduction: Meaning and Scope and overview of rural development: Historical perspective –
Rural Development Programmes in India. Problem / perception and identification; Rural Area
Planning – Programmes / Policies / Schemes for rural development, their coverage and
outcomes;
Rural Infrastructure Development: Bharat Nirman – A business plan for rural infrastructure,
Rural Building Centers, PMGSY, IAY, Rajiv Gandhi Technology Mission, Central Rural
Sanitation Programme, PURA. Rural Employment Schemes: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural
Employment Guarantee Act, 2005, Sampoorna Grameen Yojana, National Food for work
programme, Swarna Jayanty Gram Swarozgar yojana, National Social Assistance Programme.
Programmes: Command Area Programme, Drought Prone Area
Programme, Backward Area Development Programme, North Eastern Development
Programme. Impacts and Implications of Rural policies on rural and urban development
Technology Missions: Water, Sanitation, etc. Five year plans on rural planning and
development, various sectoral development programmes, interdependence and efficacy of
socio-economic and infrastructural sectors.


PROFILE OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS:
Definitions need growth, distribution and classification of rural settlements, size from
function and morphology of rural settlements.
Rural Settlement Analysis: Types, activity, environment and economic interface in rural
habitat, technology in rural settlement; Mobility between rural and Urban Areas.
Land Utilization: Types of land utilization and its relevance to planning; Land conversions and
its regulation / facilitation in peri-urban areas; Land utilization analysis; Common property and its
use, tenancy and ownership, holding size and its relevance, irrigated and non-irrigated and land
values; Changing Profile of the rural areas of India: Consumption pattern changes, land
utilization changes, cropping pattern changes, holding size change, living standard changes,
changes in asset ownership – its implication in the planning process. Internal and external
structure of change.

TECHNOLOGY IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT:
ICT in rural development, Rural Information system, Weather forecasting, disaster minimization,
market information, etc. E-Panchayats, energy efficient technologies and alternative
technologies


AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT:
Allied activities, agriculture land use economic system and occupation productivity,
expenditure and framing system Impact of modern technology, transport facilities, media and
communication and trends at national and International level on agriculture and consequently on
rural settlement their planning development.

RURAL INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS:
Rural bank, Co-operatives, marketing and public administration Zila Parishad, Block
Semity and Gram-Panchayat, powers and function of recently proposed Panchayat Raj Bill.
Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) Various Programs, Hierarchy of Panchayati Raj Institution,
White revolution and Economy change in Rural development. Export promotion and SEZ Zones
are identified in rural areas
Rationale of principles and techniques of rural planning and development, norms,
standard preferences and strategy for rural areas, Improvement of infrastructure and
augmentation of housing stock, water supply, health and educational facilities. Conservation of
rural environment, form & structure, its art and architecture.


REFERENCES:

  1. CHATTOPADHYAY B.C., “Rural Development Planning in India”, S. Chand & Co, New
    Delhi.
  2. H.R. HYE, “Integrated Approach to Rural Development”, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.
  3. S.M. SHAH, “Rural Development Planning and Reform”, Abhinal Publ., New Delhi.
  4. H. RAMCHANDRAN, “Village Clusters and rural Development”, Concept Publ. Co., New
    Delhi.
  5. Mathew, George “Panchayati Raj, from Legislation to Movement” Concept Publishing Co.,
    New Delhi
  6. Government of India, “Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act 1992” GoI, New Delhi
  7. Government of India, “Constitution (74th Amendment) Act 1992” GoI, New Delhi
  8. Planning Commission “Manual of Integrated District Planning 2006” Planning Commission,
    New Delhi
  9. Government of India, “Various Five Year Plans (1st to 12th)” Planning Commission, New
    Delhi
  10. Govt. of Kerala “Kollam Perspective Plan 2009” Department of Town & Country planning,
    Thiruvanantpuram
  11. Maheshwari, S. “Rural Development in India: A Public Policy Approach” 1985 Sage, New
    Delhi
  12. Cokke, B. and Kothari, U (Eds.)”People’s Knowledge, Participation and Patronage” 2001
    ZED Books, London

GEOSPATIAL TECHNIQUES

Course Objectives:
a)To summarize various techniques of data acquisition.
b)To classify different data structures of Remote sensing, GIS & GPS.
c)To analyze images based on supervised and unsupervised techniques.
d)To generate GIS database model using software.
e)To use spatial data analysis techniques for Urban Planning Application.

INTRODUCTION:
Introduction to GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS, Applications in various fields of engineering.


CONCEPTS AND FUNDAMENTALS OF REMOTE SENSING:
Basics of Arial and Satellite Remote Sensing, Components of Remote Sensing, Principles of
Remote Sensing, Energy Sources, Electro Magnetic Radiation (EMR), Electromagnetic Spectrum,
Energy Interactions, Active and Passive Remote Sensing, Data acquisition, Remote Sensing
Platforms, Satellites, Sensors.


IMAGE INTERPRETATION AND DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING:
Fundamentals of Air photo Interpretation, Keys, Elements of Air photo Interpretation for Terrain
Evaluation. Digital image processing, Enhancement of Image, Supervised and Unsupervised
Analysis, Classification and Analysis, Ground Truth.


STRUCTURE OF GIS:
Cartography, Geographic mapping process, Transformations, Map projections, Geospatial and
Geomatics Data, Geographic Data Representation, Storage, Quality and Standards of Data,
Database management systems, Raster and Vector data representation, Assessment of data
quality, Managing data errors.

GIS DATA PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND MODELLING:
Raster and Vector based data processing, Queries, Spatial analysis, Quadrant counts, nearest
neighbour analysis, Network analysis, Surface modelling, DTM, Case studies of GIS
Applications.


GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM:
Concept, Components of GPS, GPS setup, Accessories, Segments-satellites & receivers, Case
studies of GPS applications.


INTEGRATED APPLICATIONS:
Case studies of Integrated application of RS, GIS and GPS in the filed of Urban Planning and
Regional planning, Water resources, Environmental studies, Transportation engineering and other
civil engineering fields

REFERENCES:

  1. Lo, C.P. & Yeung A.K.W., Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information
    Systems, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2002.
  2. Anji Reddy, M., Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems, B.S.
    Publications, Hyderabad, 2001.
  3. Burrough, P.A., Principles of Geographical Information Systems, Oxford Publication,
    1998.

SUSTAINABLE BUILDING PLANNING

Course Objectives:
1.To understand the environmental impact on buildings and its assessment by applying
sustainable building techniques.
2.Understand sustainable building planning policies, implementation, and innovative building
materials for low cost housing.
3.Vernacular architecture, green building concept, resource management and assessment
of building performance.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING: concept, perspectives, need and
importance, Environmental impact of building sector, current situation of environmental policies
for building sector, concept and elements of sustainable planning for building industry, past
perspectives on planning, situating sustainable planning within planning theory, Planners roles


SUSTAINABLE BUILDING PLANNING: Policies and exploring implementation gaps, urban
design, Environment protection, site planning, energy conservation through planning and
modeling, water use reduction, passive solar design, building technologies, indoor air quality,
barriers to implementation of sustainable building measures, checklist for sustainability, policy
recommendations for sustainable buildings.
Innovative building material for rural and urban areas, Low Cost Infrastructure in rural Areas and
Cost Cutting of housing Infrastructure.


URBAN HOUSING AND INFRASTRUCTURE: Vernacular Architecture; Urban climate and
effect of built environment, Impact of urbanization on sustainability, growth and issues related to
sustainability


GREEN BUILDINGS: Concept and need, design principles, growth at International and national
level, benefits, construction techniques, green materials, planning and case studies of
residential. Commercial and industrial buildings. Green building Evaluation Systems; LEED
Certification; Green Globe Certification.


BUILDING PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT: concept, tools at international and national level,
process of green building certification, comparison of different tools like LEED INDIA, GRIHA,
SBTool etc. Recent researches on sustainable building development and assessment tools.

REFERENCES

  1. “Planning for sustainability: creating livable, equitable and ecological communities” by
    Stephen M. Wheeler (2004), Routledge, Taylor and Francis group, New York.
  2. “Towards sustainable building” by Nicola Maiellaro (2001), Kluwer academic publishers,
    Netherlands.
  3. “Sustainable building design manual: Sustainable building design practices” by The Energy
    and Resources Institute, New Delhi.
  4. “Environmentally sustainable buildings: challenges and policies” by Takahiko Hasegawa
    (2003), Organization for economic co- operation and development (OECD) publications,
    France.
  5. Thomas E Glavinich; Green Building Construction; Wiley; 2008

REGIONAL PLANNING

Course Objectives:
1.Students understood concept of regional planning &development.
2.Requirement of resources for regional development were made known.
3.Understanding various theories for balanced regional development.

UNIT – 1 REGION AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS
Region: Definition, Typology, classifications and Delineation of regions.
Regional Dynamics: Growth of Mega and Metro Regions: Scale, Complexity and its impact on
national and international scenario, convergence and divergence.
Regional Economy, competitiveness among regions, backward and leading regions in
development; Special Regions: SEZ, Agro Regions, Ecological regions, etc.


UNIT – 2 REGIONS IN INDIA AND ITS PLANNING
Regions in Indian Context: Resource Regions, Corridors as regions, National, subnational and
State as a region, macro, meso and micro regions in India.
Role of resources in regional development, utilization of resources and environmental
problems Sectoral and regional development and imbalances, multilevel planning, special area
development plans. Balanced developed development national and state level planning
mechanism.
Case Studies from India: NCR and Delhi Mega Region, Mumbai Mega Region, Greater
Mumbai, Kolkata Metro Region, Chennai Metro Region, and other Metro Regions in India.
Regional development planning in other countries. Special region plans
Resource Regions in India: Western and Eastern Ghats, North Eastern Region, Coastal
Regions, and River Valley Regions; Corridors: Golden Quadrilateral, Delhi-Mumbai, Chennai-
Bangalore Industrial Corridor, North-South and East-West Corridor Regions.


UNIT – 3 CORE AND PERIPHERY IN A REGION IN INDIAN CONTEXT
Core, Fringe and Periphery in a Region and its planning; Tools and techniques available for
planning regions in India; Role of 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendment Acts in regional plan
Preparation and implementation. Concept of District Planning.

UNIT -4 ELEMENTS OF MICRO AND MACRO ECONOMICS
Basic Economics: Demand, Supply, Elasticty, Revenue Cost, National Income, Consumption,
Investment, Inflation, Capital Budgeting
Development Economics: Economic Growth and development, Human Development Index,
Economic Principles, Policies and strategies in Land use planning.


UNIT – 5 TECHNIQUES AND GROWTH MODELS OF REGIONAL ANALYSIS :
Regional Analysis:Introduction to regional analysis, regional linear programming, regional
input-output analysis, factor analysis, industrial location theory, spatial diffusion theory, gravity
analysis.
GROWTH MODELS:Concept of growth pole and growth foci, core-periphery concept, role of
settlements in regional development, urbanisation and regional development, input – output
models, central place theory Christaller Loseh.


BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. CHAND MAHESH AND U.K. PURI, “Regional Planning in India”, Allied Publishers, New
    Delhi, 1983.
  2. GLASSION JOHN, “Introduction to regional planning “, Hutchinson and MIT Press,
    Cambridge, 1996.
  3. INSARD WALTER, “Methods of Regional Analysis – An introduction to Regional Science”,
    MIT Press, Cambridge, 1960.
  4. R.P. MISHRA, “Regional Planning and Development in India”, Vikas, Bombay, 1972.
  5. K.V. SUNDARAM, “Urban and Regional Planning in India”, Vikas Publishers, New Delhi.
  6. Chaudhuri, Ray Jayasri, “An Introduction to Development and Regional Planning “Orient
    Longman Ltd (2001), Kolkata

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PLANNING

Course Objectives:
1.To study evolution of urban transportation and various issues , problems occurring
2.To study the various modes of transit system, its operation and management.
3.Impact on Urban land policies, land use and environmental impacts were studied.
4.Students were taught various transit characteristics as well as transit cost, finance and
policies.


URBAN TRANSPORTATION:
Issues, problems, safety, role of transit, choice of transit technology, evolution of urban
transportation, operational capability during disaster


TRANSIT SYSTEM:
Modes; bus& coaches, Train (Commuter, intercity and high speed rail), tram and light rail, Rapid
transit, personal rapid transit, cable-propelled transit, Ferry, Auto-Rickshaws, paratransit system
Innovative technology. Feeder services


PLANNING TRANSIT NETWORKS:
Planning approach, accessibility, connectivity to other modes, network configuration, design of
single route, Spacing Of Routes & bus stops, frequency of service.


TRANSIT OPERATION & MANAGEMENT:
Operating cycle, scheduling, special services, fare collection.


TRANSIT & URBAN DEVELOPMENT:
Impact on development, land use thereby, urban form, environmental impact, energy policy,
regulations: food & drinks, smoking, noise and banned items, associated public utilities:
pedestrian crossings, public toilets, eateries

TRANSIT CHARACTERISTICS:
Characteristics of transit travel riders, attitudes, modal splits special group of users, passenger
load factor.

TRANSIT COST FINANCE & POLICES:
Fund raising, Construction, vehicle and operating costs, elasticity of demands, future
policies, policy issues, public private partnership (PPP)


REFERENCES:

  1. ALAN BLACK, “Urban mass transportation planning”, McGraw Hill (1995).
  2. PETTER R. WHILE, “Planning for public transport”, Hutchinson and Company Limited.
  3. ASHISH VERMA , T.V. RAMANYYA , “Public transport planning and management in
    developing countries” , CRC Press (2014)

PLANNING LEGISLATION

Course Objectives:
1.Describe different legislations related to urban planning and policy.
2.Demonstrate the legal procedures for preparation and implementation of Regional Plans,
Master Plans and Town Planning Schemes.
3.Illustrate the regulations for planning.
4.Explain the role of politics in planning.

PLANNING LEGISLATION AND POLICY FORMULATION AND APPRAISAL
Evolution; An over view of legal tools connected with Urban Planning and Development, Town
and Country Planning Act, Improvement Trust Act, Urban Planning and Development Authorities
Act – objectives, contents, procedures for preparation and implementation of Regional Plans,
Master Plans and Town Planning Schemes. Various Acts related to urban governance, planning
and development organizations, land resources, environment protection, and public participation
in statutory planning process; Approaches of formulation of policies, appraisal of policies.


UNDERSTANDING OF LAW
Concepts, sources, terminologies, significance of law and its relationship to Urban Planning
benefits of statutory backing for schemes – eminent domain and police powers; Indian
Constitution: concept and contents; 73rd and 74th Constitution Amendment Act, provision
regarding property rights.


CITY AND THE STATE
State as a manager of resources – property rights, norms and standards – Government market
and market by Government – Regulatory State, Reforming State, and Rent Seeking State –
their spatial implications; Development planning and the Indian state – Centralization,
powerlessness and decentralization; spatial politics and competition; Politics of the State and
bureaucracy; New State spaces, invited and contested spaces – changing role of the state.


LEGISLATION FOR URBAN MANAGERS
Significance and Objectives of Legislation for Planners, Constitutional Basis and Provisions,
Legal Framework in Town and Country Planning, Preparation and Implementation of Regional
Plan/Development plan, T.P. Scheme in Light of The Gujarat Town Planning Act, 1976,
Provisions of Land Acquisition Act, Urban Land Ceiling Act and Conservation Act

REGULATIONS
Financing of infrastructure including exactions, tax policies, funding municipal services. Zoning
and land use control regulatory takings, vested rights, permits and project review


ROLES OF POLITICS IN PLANNING
Politics related to land, shelter, urban infrastructure, resources; Regeneration and
redevelopment politics; politics of provision, financing and pricing; decision-making and decisiontaking,
Politics and emergence of civil society – NGO, CBO and their role in planning,
development and management, collective bargaining and collective action.


REFERENCES

  1. UDPFI Guidelines, Ministry of Urban Dev., Govt. Of India.
  2. The Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, Vora Prakashan,
    Ahmedabad.
  3. R.B. Das, Urban Planning and Local Authority, Oxford and IBH Publication,
    Calcutta.
  4. Handbook of Environmental Laws, Vol. I and II, Enviro-media Publication, Karad,
    Maharashtra.
  5. Maharashtra Act No. IV of 1975: The Bombay Metropolitan Region Development
    Authority Act, 1974, Govt. of Maharashtra, Law and Judiciary Deptt., published by
    the 7. Director General, Govt. Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra
    State, Bombay 400004

REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives:
1.To introduce the concept and principles of real estate sector
2.Role of urban building industry is known by the students.
3.To achieve urban land policy and its direct government action, legal and physical controls.


REAL ESTATE
Terminology Land Documentation, Land Revenue Records, Document Registration,
City Survey Record, Land Registration Process, Property Card, Index
concepts and characteristics; Urban real estate market problems, factors affecting real
estate property, rights and interests; Contract law and real estate; Speculation in urban land;
betterment and worsening.


ECONOMICS & LOCATION Modelling:
Factors affecting different land uses such as residential, commercial, industrial, public and semipublic;
Land value – Concept and factors affecting; Rent and modern theory of rent; Macro and
Micro approaches of Location such as trade-off model and environment preference model.


URBAN LAND POLICY
Contents, importance, objectives, measures, instruments for its implementation, direct Govt.
action, legal and physical controls; Relationship between economic trends, land market and
urban development.
Modern Methods for Land Pooling; PPP method for Land Pooling; Issues and strategies
for Land Management


BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. Lean, W., (1982), “Aspects of Land use Planning” Gonthic Publications, New Jersey.
  2. Paul, B.N., (1997), “Urban Land Economics”, The McMillan Press, London.
  3. Singh B, (2011), “Urban Infrastructure and Real Estate Management, Surendra Publications.

URBAN DESIGN & LANDSCAPE DEVELOPMENT

Course Objectives:

  1. Sustainable and balanced urban planning with beauty, convenience and health with the
    use of dynamic architectural techniques.
  2. The formulated design strategies like concept planning, designing, development; zoning
    can be functionalized to balance urban area
  3. Revenue generation techniques are taught for public participation.
    SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF URBAN DESIGN:
    Its relation with architecture and urban planning, scale of various urban design projects,
    regional and city level, urban design survey, inventories, techniques/approaches to urban
    design. Concepts and theories in landscape architecture/city planning urban design in the
    historical perspective, origin of forms, organization of space, relationship of activity with
    buildings,
    BEHAVIORAL ISSUES IN URBAN DESIGN:
    Principals of urban spatial organization, urban scale, urban spaces, urban massing, quality of
    urban enclosure.
    Imageability, townscape and elements of urban design (Gordon, Cullen, Kevin Lynch) Urban
    conservation with historic preservation and integrated approach to conservation, urban renewal,
    its purpose, economics and planning issues.
    URBAN DESIGN AT MICRO LEVEL:
    Campus planning, city centers, transportation corridors, residential neighbourhood, water fronts.
    Urban landscape in relation to topography.
    DEVELOPMENT CONTORL GUIDELINES:
    Zoning, Historical examples of urban design projects. Evaluation/ fesibilitty study of urban
    design projects.
    OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF LANSCAPE PLANNING:
    Behavioural issues in landscape design, principles and aesthetic theory in landscape design,
    Land from design and elements of geomorphology, hydrology, pedology, drainage in landscape
    planning. Spatial organization of selected cities, emphasizing landscape assessment.

LANDSCAPE PLANNING:
Urban and regional level open spaces, residential neighborhoods, urban roads and regional
highways, coastal area landscape planning. Landscape Urbanism, sustainable landscape,
streetscape Waterfronts, evolution of different landscape philosophies.


OPEN SPACE SYSTEM
Concept for opens space and park system in urban area.
Open space development in urban design context. Evolution of Public Park as a major
component of urban landscape. Open space development in new towns. Park systems, water
fronts. Green infrastructure. Urban ecology, urban water sheds.


EVALUATION PROCESS IN LANDSCAPE PLANNING:
Critical appraisal of historical examples of landscape plans. Relevance of Social forestry in
urban and regional landscape planning.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. Paul, De Spreiregen, “Urban Design: The Architecture of Town and Cities”, McGraw Hill
    Book Company, New York.
  2. Cullen Garden, “Townscape”, Architecture Press, London.
  3. I.C. Monty, “Park Planning Handbook”, John wiley
  4. Matthew Carmona, Tim Heath, Public places – Urban spaces, Architectural press, 2003.
  5. Elements and total concept of urban landscape design, Graphic –sha publishing Co, 2001
  6. Tom turner, city as landscape, Eand FN spon, 1996.
  7. Cliff Tandy, Handbook of urban Landscape, Architectural Press, 1970.
  8. Ecological design and planning George F. Thompson and Frederick R. Steiner, (Wiley,
    1997)
  9. Landscape planning : an introduction to theory and practice Hackett, Brian (Oriel, 1971)
  10. Landscape planning and environmental impact design Tom Turner (2nd ed UCL Press,
    1998)
  11. Design with nature Ian L. McHarg ( Wiley, 1992)
  12. The living landscape: an ecological approach to landscape planning Steiner, Frederick R.
    (McGraw-Hill College, 1991)
  13. Clinical Environmental Approaches in Landscape Planning (Urban and Landscape
    Perspectives) 2014th Edition by Hiroyuki Shimizu and Akito Murayama

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