Masters in Irrigation & Drainage Engineering

Basic Supporting Courses

Advanced Engineering Mathematics
Gamma, Beta and Legendre’s functions, Euler’s equations, Lang-range equations, the Ritz method,
the Greens functions. Bolazane Weirestrass theorem in finite products. Laplace transforms, Inverse
Laplace Transforms and application to differential equations, Fourier series, Fourier transforms,
Solution of non linear algebraic and transcendental equation by regula Falsi method. Newton
Raphson method.
Newton forward and backward interpolation formula, divided differences. Trapezoidal Rule,
Simpsons 1/3 rule, numerical solution of ordinary differential equations by Runge Kutta Method,
Picards equations.

Statistics –1
Standard – deviation, coefficient of variation, standards error of mean
Theory of probability : equally likely, mutually exclusive events, definitions of probability,
additions & multiplication theorems of probability and problems based on them. Normal &
Binomial distributions. Simple correlation & regression, multiple – regression, multiple & partial –
Testing of hypothesis : Concept of Hypothesis, Degree of freedom, levels of significance. Type I &
Type II errors X2 , t, Z & F – Tests. (definition, applications &Problems based on these tests).

Computer Programming
Algorithms & Flow Charts, C programming :Preliminaries, Constants & Variables, Arithmetic
Expressions, Input- Output statements, Control Statements, Do-Statements, Subscripted variables,
Elementary Format Specifications, Logical Statements & Decision Tables, Function & Subroutines
Computer Oriented Numerical Methods: Solution of Non Linear Equation, Bisection Method,
Newton Method, Numerical Integration, Trapezoidal Method, Simpson’s 1/3 & 3/8 rule , Curve
Fitting, Construction of forward, backward difference table, Interpolation
Application of statistical packages

Core Courses

Applied Hydrology
Basic hydrometeorology; Hydrologic cycle; Intensity-duration-frequency analysis of
rainfall data; Interpretation of precipitation data; Stream flow measurement; stage
discharge relation; Interpretation of stream flow data; Run-off components and
computations; Hydrograph analysis; Characteristics, separation for simple and complex
storms; unit hydrograph theory and its application; derivation of unit hydrograph, S hydrograph and instantaneous hydrograph; Flood estimation and routing; Stochastic process in hydrology; Hydrologic design of Engineering structures.

Soil-Water-Plant Relationship
Soil water retention; Infiltration and water uptake; Measurement of soil water content;
concept and measurement of soil water potential, Metric potential and Solute potential;
Water exchange in plant cells and tissues; Water movement through the plant systems;
Concept and measurement of transpiration and Evapotranspiration; Energy and water
balance; Factors affecting plant-water status, Metabolic and other characteristics for
efficient water use; Availability of soil water for plant growth; Response of plant to water
deficit; Effect of salinity on internal water deficit and plant growth.
Practicals – Practical on Soil Physical Characteristics, Soil moisture, Evaporation,
Transpiration, Evapotranspiration and plant water status.

Fluid Mechanics and Open Channel Hydraulics
Fluid flow concept and its Kinematics; Flow Characteristics; Flow measurements; Euler’s
equation; Ideal fluid flow; Vortex; Irrotational and rotational flow velocity potential; stream
function; flow net; Characteristics of open channel flow; steady-unsteady, uniform, Non-uniform,
laminar and turbulent flow; Energy and momentum principles; Critical flow computation and
application; Boundary layer concept; Velocity distribution and instability of uniform flow;
Gradually varied flow theory and analysis; Method of Computation; Channel design; Hydraulic
Jump concept and its application.

Irrigation Management
Water resource availability; Concept of crop water requirement; Direct and Indirect
measurements/estimation of crop water requirement; Agrometrological station; Irrigation
requirements, Irrigation Scheduling using soil moisture status, Plant – water status and timing
criteria; dynamic crop response model; Evapotranspiration models; Selection of Irrigation methods
in relation to soil, crop and water supply; Irrigation efficiencies; Field and project supply
measurement flumes; crop water production function; Economic analysis of on-farm irrigation
using response functions of crops; Design of canal networks; Energy utilization and management
in Irrigation.

Drainage of Agricultural Land
Nature and extent of Drainage Problems; drainage Investigation; Hydraulic conductivity
measurement in-situ; Definition and calculation of drainage design criteria under rainfed and
irrigated conditions; Steady and transient – state drainage equations; Design, alignment,
construction and maintenance of surface and subsurface drainage systems; Design, construction and maintenance of mole drains; Guideline for the selection of envelope materials for subsurface drain; Design, construction and maintenance of well drains; Drainage machineries.

Hydraulic Structures and Machinery
Design, construction and maintenance of irrigation channels; Design of discharge control
structures; Design of surface and underground pipe line systems; Design, construction and
maintenance of irrigation canals; Design construction and maintenance of small irrigation water
storage structures.
Principles, types, operations, performance and maintenance of irrigation pumps; Total pumping
head; study of characteristics curves for different pumps; Pump selection, Power unit selection,
Economic aspects of irrigation pumping machinery.

Irrigation System Design
Physics of surface irrigation; Design and evaluation procedure for border, check basin and furrow
irrigation; Guidelines for operation and maintenance of surface irrigation methods.
Description of Quick coupling, dragline and movable sprinkler irrigation systems and center Pivot
system; Design installation, operation and maintenance of sprinkler irrgation systems; spray losses
and drop size distribution in sprinkler irrigation systems and efficiency evaluation.
Suitability of drip irrigation system under Indian conditions; Types of drip irrigation systems;
Emitter types; Emitter construction; Discharge principles for emitters; Design of drip irrigation
systems; water and salt distribution; Emitter clogging; water treatment; Automation; Field
performance and evaluation; Irrigation scheduling concept; Flow measurement and system
maintenance; Fertigation.

Watershed Development and Management
Concept of watershed development and management; collection of hydrological data; watershed
characteristics and hydrologic cycle; problems of land degradation; Land use capability
classification and topographical characteristics of watershed; Appropriate soil and water
conservation measures for agricultural and non-agricultural lands; Grassland development and
management; Techniques for dry land farming based on watershed characteristics; water
harvesting techniques for hilly and arid regions; Hydrological and sediment monitoring of
watershed; Estimation of peak design runoff rate; Planning, management and economic evaluation
of watershed development projects; case studies.

Soil Salinity and Water Quality
Scope and significance of salinity and sodicity; Source and accumulation of soluble salts; Extent
and distribution of salt affected soils; Salinity and sodicity management; Soil salinity profiles;
Plant response to salinity; Salt tolerance evaluation’ Leaching and salinity control; Leaching
requirement and methods.
Composition of irrigation water; Suitability of water for irrigation; Salinity management
techniques through irrigation; Waste water treatment and re-use for irrigation; Salt and water
balance models; Guidelines for inter-predation of water quality for irrigation.

Groundwater Development and Tubewells
Occurrence, distribution and movement of ground water; Geological formations for ground water
supply; Steady and unsteady flow in confined, unconfined and semiconfined aquifers;
Groundwater fluctuations and recharge; Deriving aquifer characteristics from pumping tests;
Groundwater survey and assessment of groundwater balances; Groundwater modeling,
Groundwater contamination; Design, construction and maintenance of well and tubewells;
Development of wells; Selection of pumps and prime movers; well performance; Economics of

Crop Environmental Engineering
Environmental aspects of plant growth; Radiation and energy balance in plant canopies;
Momentum transfer; Heat and Mass transfer of soil and plant environment; Partitioning of heat in
dry and wet systems; Micrometrology of crops; evapotranspiration; Photosynthesis; respiration and
water use efficiency; Design and operation of controlled environment facilities; Instrumentation
and techniques for monitoring plant environment.

Air Photo Interpretation and Remote Sensing

Types of arial photography and factors affecting its quality; Instruments, equipment and material
needed for arial photography and its interpretation; Techniques for interpretation of arial
Basic principles of remote sensing and its application in agriculture and land management; It’s use
in agricultural and water resource assessment and watershed management; Factor’s affecting
quality of remote sensing; Imaginaries and techniques and material needed for its interpretations.
Practicals – Analysis and interpretation of remote sensing data; Educational tour.

Flow Through Porous Media
Soil physical characteristics related to water movement; Movement of soil water; Energy
concept of soil water; Flow of water in saturated and unsaturated soils; Water retention
and flow in field soils; Basic flow equations; Steady and unsteady flow and its boundary
value problems; Darey’s, Laplace, Dupuit and Boussinsq equations and approximation;
Numerical solution of flow problems.

Planning, Execution and Management of Irrigation and Drainage Projects
Timing, sequence and strategy for the irrigation and drainage projects; Procedure for planning of
irrigation and drainage projects; Climatelogical, topographical and water resource survey;
Calculation techniques for irrigation and drainage project supply requirements; Legal,
organizational and financial aspects of irrigation and drainage project; Responsibilities of different
operation offices; Recommended channels for operating irrigation and drainage projects;
Modernization and Management of irrigation and drainage projects; Education and training; Case

Irrigation Management under Controlled Environment
Design and construction of green house, Polyhouse and low cost polyhouse; Methods and
instrument of controlling microclimate, selection of crop for different agroclimatic regions;
Selection, design and installation of irrigation systems in green house/polyhouse; Fertigation;
Automation; hydrophonic; Economic analysis.

Economic Evaluation of Irrigation & Drainage Projects
General principles of project evaluation; Private and social cost and benefit of irrigation
and drainage projects. Distinction between economic and financial analysis; Techniques
for analyzing farm accounts for preparing farm plans and making financial projections.
Fixed and variable cost; Benefit cost ratio; Nature of cost and benefits; Sensitivity and risk
analysis; Calculation of future/present values and annuities; Case studies

Irrigated crops
Irrigated agriculture in relation to crop production; irrigated crops around the world; Soil
and climatic condition; selection of irrigation methods for irrigated field condition
vegetable and fruit crops; Agronomical practices for major irrigated crops in India,

Minor Irrigation and Well Hydraulics
Definition, Scope and progress of minor irrigation works in U.P.; Geological formation for
ground water supply; Ground water development; Methods for ground water exploration;
Lithological investigations and aquifer studies; Design and construction of water storage
reservoirs; Equilibrium and non-equilibrium flow to wells; Theim’s, Theis, Jacob’s and
Chow’s methods; Multiple well system. Construction and Maintenance of wells and tube
wells; Well Rehabilation; Ground water quality; design and development of wells; Filter;
Case studies.

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