Masters in Earthquake Engineering

THEORY OF VIBRATION

To provide the basic framework for studying time-dependent response of mechanical systems to external excitations.

Introduction: Vibrations and the nature of time dependent phenomena, inertia, dynamic equilibrium and mathematical models of physical systems; Energy storing and dissipation mechanisms.

Reference Books

1. G.B. Warburton, “The Dynamic Behaviour of Structures”, 2nd edition Pergamon Press,. 1976

2. R.W. Clough and J. Penzien., “Dynamics of Structures”, Mc-Graw Hill Book Company, 2nd edition New York,. 1993

3. J.L. Humar, Taylor & Francis , “Dynamics of Structures”, 2nd edition. 2002

4. A.K. Chopra, “Dynamics of Structures”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 3rd edition. 2006

5. R.R. Craig, Jr. and A. Kurdila, “ Fundamentals of Structural Dynamics”, John Wiley & Sons, 2nd edition, 2006

6. R. Villaverde, Taylor & Francis, “Fundamental Concepts of Earthquake Engineering”. 2008

VIBRATIONS OF ELASTIC MEDIA

To provide the basic framework for studying time-dependent response of mechanical systems to external excitations.

Vibrations and the Nature of Time Dependent Phenomena: Inertia, dynamic equilibrium and mathematical models of physical systems, energy storing and dissipation mechanisms.

1. G.B. Warburton, “The Dynamic Behaviour of Structures”, 2nd edition Pergamon Press,. 1976

2. R.W. Clough and J. Penzien., “Dynamics of Structures”, Mc-Graw Hill Book Company, 2nd edition New York,. 1993

3. A.K. Chopra, “Dynamics of Structures”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 3rd edition. 2006

4. R.R. Craig, Jr. and A. Kurdila, “ Fundamentals of Structural Dynamics”, John Wiley & Sons, 2nd edition, 2006

5. Nigam N.C., Introduction to Random Vibrations, MIT Press. 1983 6. Wirsching, P.H., Paez, T.L. and Ortz, H., “Random Vibration”, Dover Publications 2006

ENGINEERING SEISMOLOGY

To introduce the relevant principles and prevalent practices in Engineering Seismology from Earthquake Engineering viewpoint.

Introduction: Scope of seismology; Definitions of important terms; Causes of earthquakes and their classifications; Earthquake effects on ground and structures.

1. Bullen, K.E. and Bolt, B.A., “An introduction to the Theory of Seismology”, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Fourth Edition. 1985

2. Kulhanek, O., “Anatomy of Seismograms”, Elsevier Science Pub. 1990

3. Lay Thorne and Wallance Terry C., “Modern global seismology”, Academic press. 1995

4. William Lowrie, “Fundamentals of Geophysics”, Cambridge, Univ. Press. 1997

5. Kramer, S.L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Second Indian reprint, Pearson Education. 2004

FINITE ELEMENT METHOD

To provide a framework for developing computational models for solving engineering problems.

Mathematical Modeling: Differential equations; Boundary conditions; method of weighted residuals; Variational principles and approximate solutions; Convergence of approximate solutions; Concept of finite element method as extension of method of weighted residuals to piecewise continuous approximation; Rules of domain discretization; discretization errors.

Reference Books

1. O.C. Zienkiewicz and K. Morgan “Finite Elements and Approximation”,John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester. 1983

2. J.N. Reddy “ Finite Element Method”, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York 1993

3. K.-J. Bathe “Finite Element Procedures”, 2nd edition, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 1994

4. J.O. Dow. “A Unified Approach to the Finite Element Method and Error Analysis Procedures”, Elsevier 1999

5. R.D. Cook, D. Malkus, M. Plesha and J. Witt. “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Method”, 4th edition, John Wiley & Sons 2004

6. J.E. Akin. “Finite Element Analysis with Error Estimators”, Elsevier 2005

EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF MASONRY STRUCTURES

This course provides insight into relevant theories, simulation techniques and principles of earthquake resistant design and construction for various types of masonry structures and introduces to various code provisions to design masonry structures.

Behaviour of Masonry Structures During Past Earthquakes: Common modes of failure, effect of unit shapes and mortar type, effect of roof and floor systems; Common deficiencies.

Reference Books

1. Drysdale, R. G., Hamid, A. H. and Baker, L. R., “Masonry Structure: Behaviour and Design”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 1994

2. Schneider, R.R. and Dickey, W. L., “Reinforced Masonry Design”, 3rd Ed, Prentice Hall Inc. 1994

3. Paulay, T. and Priestley, M. J. N., “Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and masonry Buildings”, John Wiley & Sons. 1995

4. Amrhein, J. E., “Reinforced Masonry Engineering Handbook,” Masonry Institute of America, CRC Press. 1998

5. Hendry, A. W., “Structural Masonry”, Macmillan Press Ltd., London. 1998

6. “Prestandard And Commentry For The Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings,” FEMA 356, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. 2000

7. Tomazevic, M., “Earthquake Resistant Design of Masonry Buildings”, Imperial Colleges Press. 2000

8. Donald Anderson and Svetlana Brzev, “Seismic Design Guide for Masonry Buildings,” Canadian Concrete Masonry Producers Association, Toronto. 2009

ADVANCED EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES

The course deals with the special provisions and requirements of structures for their safety against earthquake forces.

Concepts of Earthquake Resistant Design – Force Based vs. Displacement Based Design, Performance Based Design, Seismic Input Characteristics and their effect on seismic design, Comparative study of different national codes.

Reference Books

1. M.J.N. Priestley, G.M. Calvi and M.J. Kowalsky, “Displacement-Based Seismic Design of Structures,” IUSS Press. 2007

2. FEMA-356, “Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings,” Federal Emergency management Agency. 2000

3. FEMA-450, “NEHRP Recommended provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures,” Federal Emergency management Agency. 2003

4. T. Paulay and M.J.N. Priestley, “Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1992

5. George G. Penelis and Andreas J. Kappos, “Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures,” E & FN Spon. 1997

6. M.J.N. Priestley, F. Seible, and G.M. Calvi, “Seismic Design and retrofit of Bridges,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1996

7. R.1 Skinner, W.H. Robinson, G.H. McVerry, “An Introduction to Seismic Isolation”, John Wiley and Sons. 1996

NUMERICAL METHODS FOR DYNAMIC SYSTEMS

The course provides the conceptual basis of analysis of dynamic systems. The emphasis in this course is on computer implementation of solution strategies currently in vogue.

Elementary concepts of vector spaces, subspaces; Column and row space of a matrix; Range, null space, and rank of a matrix, ortho-normal bases, vector and matrix norms, testing for convergence, errors in floating point arithmetic.

Reference Books

1. Wilkinson J. H., “The Algebraic Eigenvalue Problem,” Oxford University Press. 1965

2. Wilkinson J. H., Springer Verlag and Reinsch C. “Linear Algebra”, vol. II of Handbook of Automatic Computation. 1971

3. Dahlquist G. and Bjorck A., “Numerical Methods”, Prentice Hall. 1974

4. Pariett B. N., “The Symmetric Eigenvalue Problem” Prentice-Hall. 1980

5. George A. and Liu J.W.H., “Computer Solution of Large Sparse Positive Definite Systems”, Prentice Hall. 1981

6. Hager W. W., “Applied Numerical Linear Algebra”, Prentice-Hall. 1988

7. W. H., Teukolsky S. A., Vetterling W.T. and Flannery B.P., “Numerical Recipes – The Art of Scientific Computing,” Second Edition, Cambridge University Press. 1992

8. Clough R. W. and Penzien J., “Dynamics of Structures,” Second Edition, McGraw-Hill. 1993

9. Golub G. H. and Van Loan C.F., “Matrix Computations,” Third Edition, The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1996

10. Bathe K.J., “Finite Element Procedures”, Prentice Hall. 1996

11. Hughes T.J. R., “The Finite Element Method – Linear Static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis,” Dover Publications. 2000

SEISMIC EVALUATION AND RETROFITTING OF STRUCTURES

The course will be specifically useful to improve the performance of buildings not designed incorporating the provision of seismic codes of practice and will benefit design professional.

Basics: Terminology ; Basic principles of seismic evaluation and retrofit. Qualitative Methods of Seismic Evaluation: Rapid visual screening procedure (RVSP) and simplified evaluation of buildings; Visual inspection method and non-destructive testing (NDT) method.

Reference Books

1. J. H. Bungey , “The Testing of Concrete in Structures”, Surrey University Press. 1989

2. Paulay, M.J.N, T. and Priestley, “Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings”, John-Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1992

3. “NEHRP Handbook for the Seismic Evaluation of Existing Buildings”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Building Seismic Safety Council, Washington, D.C. FEMA 178. 1992

4. “Seismic Evaluation and retrofit of concrete building – Vol. I & II”, Applied Technology Council, California, ATC 40. 1996

5. M.J.N., Seible, F. and Calvi, G.M “Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges”, John-Wiley & Sons Inc, Priestley. 1996

6 Penelis, George G., and Kappos, Andreas J., E & FN Spon “Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures” 1997

7. “Building Seismic Safety Council”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C, FEMA 356, 2000, FEMA 440 / ATC 55, 2005, FEMA 310. 1998

8. “Earthquake Damaged Concrete & Masonry Wall Buildings”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Building Seismic Safety Council, Washington, D.C. FEMA 306/307/308. 1999

9. “Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Potential Seismic Hazards”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Building Seismic Safety Council, Washington, D.C., FEMA 154/155 2002

10. “Evaluating the Seismic Resistance of Existing Building” ATC -14 project, Applied Technology Council, California. 2002

11. “Seismic Evaluation of Existing Building” ASCE/SEI 31-03 2003

MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE MEDIA

This course covers the theories relating to elasticity, plasticity and visco-elasticity and their applications to engineering problems.

Reference Books

1. Englewood Cliffs, Fung, Y.C. “Fundamentals of Continuum Mechanics”, Prentice Hall. 1965

2. Spencer, A.J.M. “Continuum Mechanics”, Longman Group, London. 1980

3. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Truessdell, C. “The Elements of Continuum Mechanics”. 1985

4. Karasudhi, P. “Fundamentals of Solid Mechanics”, Kluwer Academic, Boston. 1991

5. John Wiley, NY, Khan A.S. and S. Huang “Continuum Theory of Plasticity”, . 1995

6. Shames, 1.H. and Cozzarelli “Elastic and Inelastic Stress Analysis, Taylor and Franci Bristol Pa, USA. 1998

DYNAMIC SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION

To provide basic background on dynamic soil-structure interaction to postgraduate students working in the area of geotechnical and structural engineering.

Introduction: Objectives and practical significance and importance of soil-structure-interaction (SSI); Fixed base structure, structures on soft ground; Modeling of unbounded media.

Reference Books

1. Cakmak A.S. – Editor, “Soil-Structure Interaction”, Developments in Geotechnical Engineering 43, Elsevier and Computational Mechanics Publications, U.K. 1987

2. Wolf J.P., “Soil-Structure Interaction in the Time-Domain”, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA. 1988

3. Wolf J.P. and Song C. “Finite Element Modelling of Unbounded Media”, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England. 1996

4. Kramer S.L., “Geotechnical-Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education – Indian Low Price Edition (2004), Delhi. 1996

5. Hall W.S. and Oliveto G., “Boundary Element Method for Soil-Structure Interaction”, Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2003

6 Chen Wai-Fah and Duan Lian, “Bridge Engineering (Seismic Design)”, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 2003

SEISMIC MICROZONATION

To deals with all aspects of seismic microzonation, including basic principles and prevailing practices, surveys and techniques, and estimation of spatial and temporal variation of ground motion characteristics.

Introduction: Seismic microzonation and its objectives, historical developments; Seismic microzonation exploration, investigation and data interpretation.

Reference Books

1. Dobrin, M.B. and C.H. Savit, “Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill Book Company”, Singapore. 1988

2. Leon Reiter, “Earthquake Hazard Analysis”, Columbia University Press”, New York. 1990

3. Antoni Roca and Carlos Oliveria , “Earthquake Microzoning” , Birkhauser Verlag, Berlin. 2002

4. Konency, G. , “Geoinformation, Remote Sensing, Photogrammetry and Geographic Information System”, Taylor and Francis, London. 2003

5. Kramer, S.L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Second Indian reprint”, Pearson Education. 2004

EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS

The course covers various types of soil investigations, soil parameters, foundations, and codes of practice & design considerations for seismic resistant design for foundations.

Introduction: General requirements, types of shallow and deep foundations and their use; Performance of various types of foundations during past earthquakes.

Reference Books

1. Bowles, J.E., “Foundation Analysis and Design”, McGraw Hill International Editions, Singapore. 1997

2. Ranjan G. and Rao A.S.R., “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics”, New Age Int. Ltd., New Delhi. 2004

3. Saran S., “Soil Dynamics & Machine Foundation”, Galgotia Pub. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi. 2006

SEISMIC HAZARD ASSESSMENT

This course is designed to provide the necessary conceptual and analytical background for seismic hazard assessment.

Introduction: Definitions, probabilistic and deterministic approaches, earthquake occurrence models, seismotectonic modelling, earthquake sources, estimation of maximum magnitude, maximum credible earthquake, design basis earthquake, maximum probable earthquake.

Reference Books

1. Kramer, S. L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education. 1996

2. Chernick, M. R., “Bootstrap methods: A practitioner’s guide, in Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics,” W. A. Shewhart (Editor), John Wiley and Sons. 1999

3. Reiter, L.“Earthquake Hazard Analysis, Issues and Insights”, Columbia University Press. 2001

4. Stein, Seth and Wysession, M., “An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquake, and Earth Structure,” Blackwell Publishing. 2003

5. McGuire, Robin K., “Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis”, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. 2004

6. Draper, N.R. and Smith, H., “Applied regression analysis”, John Wiley & Sons (Asia). 2005

SEISMOLOGICAL MODELLING AND SIMULATION

To provide basic knowledge about simulation and modelling of strong ground motion.

Introduction: Definition of important term sand scope of seismology; Plate tectonics and causes of earthquakes; Earthquake effects on ground and structures; Basic concept of earthquake recording; Earthquake magnitude and intensity scales.

Reference Books

1. Kramer, S. L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education. 1996

2. Lowrie, W., “Fundamentals of Geophysics”, Cambridge Press. 2007

3. Villaverde, R., “Fundamental Concepts of Earthquake Engineering”, Taylor & Francis. 2008

4. Oppenheim, A.V. and Schafer, R.W., “Discrete Time Signal Processing”, Prentice Hall. 2009

5. Fichtner, A., “Full Seismic Waveform Modelling and Inversion”, Springer. 2011

6. Moczo, P., Kristek, J. and Galis, M., “The finite-difference modelling of earthquake motions-waves and ruptures”, Cambridge Press. 2014

VULNERABILITY AND RISK ANALYSIS

The course introduces various methods and approaches of vulnerability and risk estimation.

Concepts and Components of Seismic Risk: Hazard, vulnerability, exposure and risk; Estimation of risk from components.

Reference Books

1. Kramer, S. L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education. 1996

2. Reiter, L. “Earthquake Hazard Analysis, Issues and Insights”, Columbia University Press. 2001

3. Coburn, A. and Spence R., “Earthquake Protection”, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 2002

4. McGuire, Robin K., “Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis”, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. 2004

5. “HAZUS-MH, MR1 & MR2 Technical Manual”, FEMA, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. 2006

SEISMOTECTONICS

This course provides knowledge regarding the relationship between occurrence of earthquakes and tectonic processes, characteristics of seismic sources and assessing their seismic potential.

Introduction: Definition, geological and seismological data required to study seismotectonics; An overview of seismicity and tectonics of the earth’s crust and upper mantle.

Reference Books

1. Reiter, Leon, “Earthquake Hazard Analysis: Issues and Insights, Columbia University Pres, New York. 1990

2. Coppersmith, Kevin J., “Seismic Source Characterization for Engineering Seismic Hazard Analysis,” Proceedings of forth ICSZ, Stanford, California, PP 3-60. 1991

3. Thorne and Wallace, T.C., “Modern Global Seismology,” Lay, Academic Press, Inc. 1995

4. Stein, Seth and Wysession, M., “An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquake, and Earth Structure,” Blackwell Publishing. 2003

ADVANCED SEISMIC MICROZONATION

To provide advanced knowledge on seismic microzonation, procedures and methodologies and deliverables.

Basic Concepts: Seismic microzonation; Basic steps, data requirements, scales, general methodology; Site characterization and quantification; Seismic zonation map of India; Socio-economic aspects of seismic microzonation, factors affecting seismic microzonation, seismic microzonation of mega cities.

Reference Books

1. Kramer, S. L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education. 1996

2. Reiter, L., “Earthquake Hazard Analysis, Issues and Insights”, Columbia University Press. 2001

3. Ansal, A., “Recent Advances in Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering and Microzonation”, Springer. 2006

4. “Geotechnical/Geophysical Investigations for Seismic Microzonation Studies of Urban Centres in India-Technical Report”, NDMA, New Delhi. 2011

5. Nath, S.K., “Seismic Microzonation Handbook”, MoES, Govt. of India. 2011

SEISMIC DISASTER MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT

The course introduces various aspects of disaster mitigation and management.

Introduction to Seismic Hazard: Definitions, uncertainties in hazard, vulnerability and risk, seismic hazard estimation and mapping, effect of local site conditions, processing and integration of data (such as tectonics, geology, remote sensing, various geophysical anomalies, soil characteristics, economic development).

Reference Books

1. Andrew, C. and Spence, R., ”Earthquake Protection”,John-Wiley & Sons. 2002

2. Carter, W.N., “Disaster Management: A Disaster Manager’s Handbook”, Manila, ADB. 2006

3. Sinvhal, A., “Understanding Earthquake Disaster”, McGraw Hill. 2011

4. “Geotechnical/Geophysical Investigations for Seismic Microzonation Studies of Urban Centres in India-Technical Report”, NDMA, New Delhi. 2011

5. Nath, S.K., “Seismic Microzonation Handbook”, MoES, Govt. of India. 2011

GROUND FAILURE HAZARD

The objective of the course is to impart knowledge of ground failure due to earthquakes and related phenomena.

Introduction: Background of geotechnical seismic hazards including ground shaking and liquefaction, geotechnical damages and problems encountered during earthquakes; Deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard assessment.

Reference Books

1. Ranjan, G. and Rao, A.S.R., “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics”, New Age Int. Ltd., New Delhi. 2000

2. Kameshwara Rao, N.S.V., “Dynamic Soil Tests & Applications”, Wheeler Publications, New Delhi, 2000

3. Day Robert W., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Handbook”, McGraw-Hill, New York. 2001

4. Kramer, S.L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education-Indian Low Price Edition, Delhi. 2004

5. Saran, S., “Soil Dynamics and Machine Foundation”, Galgotia Pub. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 2006

6. Towhata Ikou, “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2008

EARTHQUAKE PRECURSORS AND EARLY WARNING

The course describes present knowledge base of earthquake precursors and details of earthquake early warning systems.

Introduction: Precursor definition, scope and its relation with earthquake prediction, forecast and warning.

Reference Books

1. Rikitake, T., “Earthquake Prediction”, Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1976

2. Zongjin, M., Zhengxiang, F., Yingzhen, Z., Chengmin, W., Guomin, Z. and Defu, L., “Earthquake Prediction”, Seismological Press Beijing and Springer-Verlag. 1990

3. Jochen Zschau and Andreas, N. Kiippers, “Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction”, Springer. 2003

4. Sen, P. and Das, N. K. (Eds.), “Geochemical Precursors for Earthquakes”, Macmillan India Ltd. 2007

5. Gasparini, P., Manfredi, G. and Zschau, J. (Eds.), “Earthquake Early Warning Systems”, Springer. 2007

GEOINFORMATICS

The course is designed to provide basic knowledge about mapping and geoinformatics need in earthquake engineering.

Introduction: Earthquakes, characteristics and distribution, tectonic features of the earth, geotectonic divisions of Indian continent, geologic hazards perception.

Reference Books

1. Lillesand, T.M., “Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation”, John Wiley and Sons. 1979

2. Burrough, P.A., “Principles of Geographic Information Systems for Land Resources Assessment”, Oxford University Press. 1986

3. Ramsay, J.G. and Huber, M.I., “The Technique of Modern Structural Geology”, Vol 2: Folds and Fracture. Academic Press, London. 1987

4. Goodman, R.E., “Engineering Geology”, Wiley, New York. 1993

5. Moores, E.M., and Twiss, R.J., “Tectonics”, W.H. Freeman and Company, New York. 1995

6. Yeats, R.S., Sieh, K. and Allen, C.R., “Geology of Earthquakes”, Oxford Univ. Press, New York. 1997

7. Gupta, R.P., “Remote Sensing Geology”, Springer-Verlag Press, Berlin. 2002

INSTRUMENTATION AND MODEL TESTING TECHNIQUES

The course introduces basic principles and applications of seismic instrumentation and also imparts knowledge on model studies for experimental validation in dynamic environment.

Introduction of Motion Measurement: Devices for relative motion measurement, requirements of ground motion measurement; Requirements for Instrumentation of structures.

Reference Books

1. Harry, G. Harris and Gajanan M. Sabnis, “Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques”, CRC Press. 1999

2. Samuel, D. Stearns, “Digital Signal Processing with Examples in MATLAB”, Prentice Hall. 2003

3. Havskov, J., Gerardo Alguacil, “Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology”, Springer Verlag. 2004

4. Agarwal, Pankaj and Shrikhande, Manish, “Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures”, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, Eastern Economy Edition. 2006

DISCRETE TIME SIGNAL PROCESSING

The course covers various types of soil investigations, soil parameters, foundations, and codes of practice & design considerations for seismic resistant design for foundations.

Signal Processing: Basic Theory and Introduction, types of signals; Properties of digital system (time invariance, causality, linearity); Z – transform, sampling theorem, antialiasing filter, discrete Fourier Transform, Fast Fourier Transform; Inverse Transform, .

Reference Books

1. Soisson, E.H., “Instrumentation in Industry”. 1975

2. Rabiner, L.R. and Gold B “Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing”. 1975

3. Hamming, R.W , “Digital Filters” . 1977

4. Lam H.Y.F , “Analog and Digital Filters-Design and Realization” . 1979

5. Oppenheim, A.V. and Schafer, R.W , “Discrete Time Signal Processing”. 1989

6. Antoniou, A , “Digital Filters-Analysis, Design and Applications”. 1993

7. Proakis, J.G. and Manolakis, D.G “Digital Signal Processing”. 1996

RANDOM VIBRATIONS

This course covers the basic principles of random variables and stochastic processes and applications of the underlying concepts to the response of systems to random vibrations.

Basic Theory: Meaning and axiom of probability, events, random variables, discrete and continuous distribution, some examples; Functions of random variables, expectations, characteristic functions; Orthogonality principles, sequence of random variables.

Random Vibration of Systems: Single degree and multi-degree of freedom systems; Continuous system and non-linear system- equivalent linearisation and Gaussian closure technique.

Reference Books

1. Lin, Y.K., “Probabilistic Theory of Structural Dynamics”, McGraw Hill, New York. 1967

2. Nigam, N.C., “Introduction To Random Vibration”, MIT Press. 1983

3. “Random Vibration and Spectral Analysis”, Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1994

4. Premont, A., “Probabilistic Structural Dynamics Advanced Theory And Application”, Lin, Y.K., McGraw Hill, New York. 1995

5. Cho To, W. S., Taylor and Francis “Nonlinear Random Vibration”. 2000

6. Lalanne, C., “Random Vibration”, CRC Press. 2002

7. Wirsching, P.H, Paez, T.L. and H. Ortiz, “Random Vibration”, Dover Publications. 2006

RELIABILITY BASED DESIGN

To provide a framework for ascertaining safety margins associated with structural design procedures.

Nature of Structural Design and Safety: Evolution of design codes; Hazards, risks and economy of structural design

Reference Books

1. A.H.-S. Ang and W.H. Tang. “Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and Design”, Vol. I & II., John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1975

2. D.I. Blockley. “The Nature of Structural Design and Safety”, Ellis Horwood Limited. 1980

3. G. Augusti, A. Baratta and F. Casciati. “Probabilistic Methods in Structural Engineering”, Chapman & Hall. 1984

4. H. Chernoff and L.E. Moses. “Elementary Decision Theory”, Dover Publications, Inc. 1986

5. I. Elishakoff. “Probabilistic Theory of Structures”, 2nd edition, Dover Publications, Inc. 1999

6. O. Ditlevson and H.O. Madsen. “Structural Reliability Methods, Department of Mechanical Engineering”, Technical University of Denmark. 2002

7. H.O. Madsen, S. Krenk and N.C. “Lind. Methods of Structural Safety”, Dover Publications, Inc. 2006

ADVANCED STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS

The objective of the course is to impart advance structural dynamics in particular reference to earthquake problems.

1. Nonlinear Dynamic Systems: State space models, phase portraits, jump phenomenon, strange attractors and chaos parametric or self-excited oscillations; Approximate solution methods-perturbation techniques, equivalent linearization.

2. Stability of Dynamic Systems: Concepts of stability of motion, Liapunov’s criterion, RouthHurwitz criterion, Nyquist stability criterion; Stability of nonlinear and time varying systems.

3. Inverse Problems in Vibrations: Review of linear algebra concepts; System identification as an inverse problem; Updating finite element models using vibration records.

Reference Books

1. Willems, J.L., “Stability Theory Of Dynamical Systems”, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., London. 1970

2. Hagedorn,P, “Non-Linear Oscillation”, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981. Cook, P.A., Nonlinear dynamical systems, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New York. 1986

3. The Netherlands, Gladwell, G.kl, L. “Inverse Problems In Vibration”, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht. 1986

4. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Friswell , “Finite Element Model Updating In Structural Dynamics”, Kiuwer Academic Publishers. 1995

ERD OF BRIDGES AND CONCRETE DAMS

This course provides an insight into earthquake resistant design of RC bridges and concrete gravity dams.

Reference Books

1. Performance of RC Bridges in Past Earthquakes: Types of failures and lessons learnt; Terminology related to bridges.

2. General Concept and Seismic Design Principles: Earthquake loading and analysis; Forced based design and displacement based design including the concept of performance based design.

3. Conceptual Design of Bridges: Constraints, bent configuration; Superstructure pier connection, superstructure-abutment connection; Foundation systems.

1. “Earthquake Engineering for Concrete Dams: and Research Needs” National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 1990

2. Seible F., Calvi G.M “Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges”, John Wiley and Sons, Pristley M.J.N. 1996

3. “Design specifications of Highway Bridges”, Part V. Seismic Design, PWRI, Japan. 1998

4. Mark Yashinsky and M.J. Karshenas “Fundamentals of Seismic Protection for Bridges”, EERI 2003

5. Allan Willians “Seismic Design of Building & Bridges”, Oxford University Press. 2003

6. Robin Fell, Patrick Macgregor, David Stapleton Graeme Bell, ”Geotechnical Engineering of Dams” A.A. Balkeme Publishers. 2005

DYNAMICS OF PLATES SHELLS AND ARCHES

The course provides education on the theories and solution techniques both classical and contemporary to study the dynamic behaviour of plates, shells and arches.

Finite Element Simulation of Plates and Shells: Finite elements for plates, mindlin plate elements, discrete Kirchoff element, shell elements, flat shell elements, axisymmetric shell elements, arch elements, straight and curved arch elements, mindlin arch elements.

Reference Books

1. Timoshenko, S.P. and Winowski-Krieger, S., “Theory Of Plates And Shells”, McGraw-Hill. 1965

2. Szilard, R., “Theory And Analysis of Plates”, Prentice-Hall Inc. 1974

3. Ramaswamy, G.S., “Design Of Concrete Shell Roofs”, Tata-McGraw Hill. 1978

4. Calladine, C ., “Theory of Shell Structures”, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 1983

5. Cook, R.D., Malkus, David S. and Plesha Michael E., “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis,” Third Edition , John Wiley & Sons. 1989

6. Ugural, A. C., “Stresses in Plates and Shells”, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY. 1998

EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES

This course will be provide insight into design of structures to withstand earthquake forces and related seismic safety issues.

Basic Concepts: Seismic performance of structures and structural components during earthquakes; ground motion parameters; response spectrum, design spectrum.

Seismic Design of Building Components: Seismic resistant properties of reinforced concrete; Seismic Behaviour and design of linear reinforced concrete elements; Seismic behavior of planer reinforced concrete elements, codal provisions.

Reference Books

1. T. and Priestley, M.J.N “Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings”, John-Wiley & Sons, Inc., Paulay, 1992

2. Drysdale, R.G. Hamid, A. H. and Baker, L.R “Masonry Structure: Behaviour and Design”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632,. 1994

3. Schneider, R.R. and Dickey, W.L. “Reinforced Masonry Design”, 3nd Ed., Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersey, 1994

4. Edmund Booth, “Concrete Structure in earthquake regions – Design & Analysis” Longman Scientific & Technical. 1994

5. “Seismic Evaluation and retrofit of concrete building – Vol. I & II”, Applied Technology Council, California, ATC 40 1996

6. Penelis, George G., and Kappos, Andreas J., E & FN Spon “Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures” 1997

7. “Building Seismic Safety Council”, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C, FEMA 356, 2000, FEMA 440 / ATC 55, 2005, FEMA 310 1998

8. Amrhein, J. E. “Reinforced Masonry Engineering Handbook”, Masonry Institute of America, CRC Press, 1998

STRUCTURAL RESPONSE CONTROL FOR SEISMIC PROTECTION

This course is provide inside in to the concepts and theories of devices used to control seismic response of structures for their seismic protection and introduces techniques to simulate the seismic response of structures using control devices

Structural Control: Historical development of structural control and base isolation, active control, passive control, hybrid control, semi active control; Application to new and existing buildings.

Reference Books

1. R. Skinner, W.H. Robinson, G.H. Mc Verry , “An Introduction to Seismic Isolation”, John Wiley and Sons. 1996

2. M.J.N. Pristley, F. Seible, G.M. Calvi, “Seismic Design and Retrofit of Bridges”, John Wiley and Sons. 1996

3. James M. Kelly, Springer – Verl-ag “Earthquake – Resistant Design with Rubber”,. 1997

4. “Prestandard and Commentary for The Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings,” FEMA 356, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. 2000

5. Trevor E. Kelly “Base Isolation of Structures – design Guidelines,” Holmes Consulting Group Ltd., Wellington, New Zealand. 2001

GROUND IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES

The course describes various ground improvement techniques to mitigate the effects of earthquakes.

Introduction: Objective, history and development; Classifications of techniques; Advantage and limitations of various techniques.

Reference Books

1. Rao G.V. and Raju G.V.S.S., “Engineering with Geosynthetics”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., Ltd., New Delhi. 1990

2. Koerner, R.M., “Designing with Geosynthetics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs”, New Jersey, U.S.A 1990

3. Shukla S.K., Thomas Telford, “Geosynthetics and Their Applications”, London, U.K. 2002

4. Kramer S.L, “Geotechnical-Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education – Indian Low Price Edition, Delhi, 2004

5. Saran S., “Reinforced Soil and its Engineering Applications”, IK International Pvt., Ltd., Green Park Extension, New Delhi. 2006

MACHINE FOUNDATION

The course provides an insight into different types of machine foundations and their design to with stand for various types of loads in accordance with the prevalent codes of practice in force

Introduction: Various types of machine foundations; Permissible amplitudes of vibrations, factors affecting the resonant frequency and amplitudes of vibrations; Estimation of damping and plastic coefficients.

Reference Books

1. Kameshwar Rao, N.S.V., “Vibration Analysis and Foundation Design”, Wheeler Publishing, New Delhi, 1998

2. Saran S., “Soil Dynamics & Machine Foundation”, Galgotia Pub. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi 2006

3. Bhatia K.G., “Foundation for Industrial Machines – A Handbook for Practicing Engineers”, D-CAD Publishers, New Delhi 2008

SEISMIC SLOPE STABILITY: EARTH DAMS RETAINING WALLS

It deals with the issues pertaining to earth dams and retaining walls and their analysis using classical and contemporary approaches for both the linear and non-linear models.

Introduction to Earth Dams: Performance of earth and rockfill dams in past earthquakes; Homogenous and non-homogenous dams, general features, zoned dams, influence of inclined and vertical core; Dams with upstream impervious linings, composite dams, slope protection measures; Seepage in earth and rockfill dams, estimation of pore pressure by flow net, standard analytical solutions for seepage problems, piping and liquefaction, foundation problems.

Reference Books

1. Duncan J.M., “State-of-the-art: static stability and deformation analysis,” in R.B. Seed and R.W. Boulanger, Eds., Proc. Specialty Conf. on Stability and Performance of Slopes & Embankments, II, ASCE, New York, Vol. I, pp. 222-266., 1992

2. Bharat Singh & R.S. Varshney , “Embankment Dam Engineering”, Nem Chand & Bro., Roorkee 2004

3. Kramer S.L., “Geotechnical-Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education – Indian Low Price Edition, New Delhi. 2004

CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING IN SOIL DYNAMICS

The objective of the course is to appraise the governing constitutive laws and applicable models for soil as a medium.

Stress-Strain Laws of Soils: Stress and strain invariants, linear and bilinear elastic laws; KG model, nonlinear elastic models (hyperbolic models), elasto-plastic and elasto-viscoplastic models; Basic concepts of plasticity, yield function, flow rules-dilatancy, strain hardening and softening laws

Reference Books

1. Chen W.F., Baladi G.Y., “Soil Plasticity: Theory and Implementation”, Elsevier, Amsterdam. 1985

2. Wolf J.P, “Soil-Structure Interaction in the Time Domain”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 1988

3. Desai, C. S., “Mechanics of materials and interfaces: the disturbed state concept”, CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. 2001

4. Kramer S.L., “Geotechnical-Earthquake Engineering”, Pearson Education – Indian Low Price Edition, New Delhi. 2004

ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF GEOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES

The course is comprised of various aspects of geophysical techniques, having applications in Engineering.

1. Introduction: What is Geophysics? Basic concepts and objectives of geophysical techniquesgravity, magnetic, electrical and well logging; need of Geophysics in Earthquake Engineering.

2. Seismic method: Seismic refraction method, time-distance relations for horizontal layers, dipping layer and linearly increasing velocity with depth, elevation and weathering time corrections, limitations of seismic refraction method; Seismic reflection method, Timedistance relation for horizontal and dipping layers, static and dynamic time corrections, simple interpretation techniques.

Reference Books

1. Dobrin, M. B. and C. H. Savit, “Introduction to Geophysical Prospecting”, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill Book CO. 1988

2. Telford, W.M., Geldart, L.P. and Sheriff, R.E., “Applied Geophysics”, Second edition, Cambridge Univ. Press. 1990

3. William Lowrie, “Fundamentals of Geophysics”, Cambridge Univ. Press. 1997

4. John M. Reynolds, Wiley, “An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics”. 1997

5. Mussett, E. and Aftab Khan, M., “Looking Into The Earth: An Introduction To Geological Geophysics”, Cambridge Univ. Press, Alan. 2000

STRONG MOTION SEISMOLOGY

This course provides insight into the characteristics and parameters of strong ground motion (SGM), measurement of SGM, interpretation of accelerogram, strong motion attenuation relations and theoretical models for estimation of SGM.

Introduction: Definitions, basic concepts and historical development in the field of Strong Motion Seismology (SMS); Characteristics of Strong Ground Motion (SGM); SGM parameters based on amplitude, frequency content and duration of shaking.

Reference Books

1. Iwan, W.D, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Strong-Motion Earthquake Instrument Arrays held at Honolulu, Hawaii, May 2-5, 1978,. 1978

2. Hudson, D.E., “Reading and Interpreting Strong Motion Accelerogram,”, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Berkeley, California, 112 PP. 1979

3. Aki, K. and Richard, P. G., “Quantitative Seismology, Theory and Methods”, Vol. I and II, W. H. Freeman & Co. 1980

4. Bolt, B. A., “Seismic Strong Motion Synthetics”, Academic Press Inc. 1987

5. Kramer, S.L., “Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering”, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey , 653 PP 1996

6. Lee, W.H.K., Kanamori, Kanamori, H., Jennings, P.C., and Kisslinger, C. “International Hank Book of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology,” (Part B), Academic Press. 2003

PRINCIPLES OF SEISMOLOGY

1. Introduction: Importance of science of earthquakes for engineers; Impact of historical and recent earthquake hazards on the built environment, including lifelines and infrastructure; Relevant seismological glossary; Classification of earthquakes. 

2. Causes of Tectonic Earthquakes: Internal structure of the earth; Faults, folds, thrusts, shear zones and lineaments; Plate margins – creative, destructive, and conservative; Triple Junction; Characteristics of earthquakes at various margins; Causes of plate motion; Anthropogenic seismicity.

Reference Books

1. Agarwal, P. and Shrikhande, M., “Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. 2006

2. Bullen, K.E. and Bolt, B.A., “An introduction to the Theory of Seismology”, Fourth Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 1985

3. McGuire, R.K., “Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis”, Monograph MNO-10, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. 2004

4. Reiter, L., “Earthquake Hazard Analysis: Issues and Insights”, Columbia University Press. 1990

5. Richter, C. F., “Elementary Seismology”, W. H. Freeman and Co., San Francisco. Indian Edition. 1969

6. Sinvhal, A., “Understanding Earthquake Disasters”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi. 2010

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